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Smoke Alarms

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According to the National Fire Protection Association, 60% of fire deaths occur in homes that didn't have a working smoke alarms. The risk of dying in residential structure fires is reduced by half when working smoke alarms are present. 
There are generally two different types of smoke alarms: photoelectric and ionization. Photoelectric smoke alarms are better at sensing slow, smoldering fires, while ionization smoke alarms are better at detecting fast moving fires. CSFD installs a combination photoelectric and ionization smoke alarm.

Smoke alarms should be placed in all bedrooms, outside each sleeping area, and there must be at least one smoke alarm on every level, including the basement. It is recommend to NOT place smoke alarms closer than 10 feet of cooking appliances.

Smoke alarms should be tested once a month. Batteries should be replaced twice a year. Smoke alarms should be replaced every 10 years. It is important to periodically clean your smoke alarm to keep dust and other particles from interfering with its detection.


The College Station Fire Department has battery-operated, residential smoke alarms that are available at no cost to College Station homeowners who are either physically or financially unable to purchase or install their own smoke alarms. Members of the fire department will also check smoke alarms for proper operation,  location, install batteries and/or smoke alarms. The smoke alarm installation program is supported through a grant funded by the Federal Emergency Management Agency/Assistance to Firefighters Fire Prevention and Safety Grant Program.

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