As defined by Chapter 395 of the Texas Local Government Code, Impact fees are a one-time charge or assessment imposed by a City against new development at building permit in order to generate revenue for funding the cost of capital improvements (waterlines, sewer lines, streets, etc.) related to the new development.
College Station’s Five (5) Existing Impact Fees
For many years the City of College Station has had five “Small Area” impact fee areas (four sewer and one water) generally located in the southern part of the City. Our first impact fee was adopted in 1992. These “Small Area” Impact Fees will not be applicable for Building Permits applied for after December 1, 2017. Below please find a map depicting the five Small Area Impact Fees, fee tables for each, and a Semi-Annual Report providing more specifics on each impact fee.
New "City-Wide" Impact Fees
City-Wide” Service Areas
Referencing the new impact fees as “City-Wide” is somewhat of a misnomer, especially for water and wastewater. The new Water and Wastewater service areas are much larger than the previous “Small Area” service areas, but do not strictly follow city limits and include portions of the ETJ. The Roadway service area is bounded by the entire city limits, but is broken into four service areas. In short, state law requires that impact fees be calculated, collected, and spent within defined service areas. Exhibits depicting these service areas are provided below.
“City-Wide” Impact Fee Tables
State law has specific requirements for the implementation of impact fees including the fee assessment and fee collection. In short, impact fees are typically assessed on the date that the subject lot’s Final Plat is approved by the Planning and Zoning Commission. The impact fees are typically collected with the Building Permit (or the service connections for utilities in the ETJ). Water and Wastewater Impact Fees are both based on the size and number of the water meter(s). Water Impact Fees do apply to irrigation meters. (Note that “Small Area” impact fees will not be collected in addition to a “City-Wide” impact fee that is required and collected.) Roadway Impact Fees are based on the traffic generated from the associated use. Tables for the City-Wide Impact Fees are provided below - note that the fees are being phased-in incrementally.
“City-Wide” Impact Fee Reports
In early 2016, Council engaged engineering consultants to begin the necessary data collection and analyses. Freese and Nichols was hired as the consultants for the Water and Wastewater Impact Fees to continue their similar work with water and wastewater masterplans. Similarly, Kimley-Horn and Associates prepared the Roadway Impact Fees continuing their related modeling of the Thoroughfare Plan. Below are the final impact fee reports.
On November 12, 2015 Council directed city staff to begin efforts to investigate expanding water and wastewater impact fees citywide (instead of the existing small areas) and into specific areas within the City's Extra-Territorial Jurisdiction (ETJ) as well as consider new roadway impact fees. Below are links to an Impact Fee 101 Presentation.
Our community continues to have a growing population and development growth which brings many blessings along with several challenges. Bond and Budget deliberations over recent years have underscored the infrastructure funding challenges the City experiences with working to plan for current citizens’ needs and future growth. City Council chose to initiate a further evaluation of impact fees as one possible increased funding source to help address this gap.
An ordinance and then appointments were made to create the Impact Fee Advisory Committee (IFAC) in early 2016. More specifically, Council appointed the Planning and Zoning Commission plus three additional members representing the Extra-Territorial Jurisdiction (ETJ), neighborhood communities, and the home builders association. Per state law, this committee is an advising body that makes recommendations to City Council on impact fees.
Over a period of six or so months in late 2015 and early 2016, several stakeholder meetings were been conducted. Additionally, there has been about a dozen meetings with the IFAC and with City Council. The IFAC completed the review of both the water/wastewater report and the roadway report. City Council conducted public hearings and adopted Water/Wastewater Impact Fees on September 22, 2016 and Roadway Impact Fees on November 10, 2016.
This information provided above is abbreviated – Ch. 15: Impact Fees of College Station’s Code of Ordinances provides more complete regulations. For more information impact fees, please contact Alan Gibbs at email@example.com or at 979.764.3750.